New Jungle Species Found in Suriname, South America

New Jungle Species Found in South America
Photo: Conservation International

In the South American country of Suriname, scientists have discovered forty-six new species. They have all been found in a pristine tropical forest, one of the last in the world. The exploration lasted for three weeks and during that time, the scientists’ explored three remote sites. These sites were along the rivers of Sipaliwini and Kurari in 2010 from August to September. In this exploration there were a total of fifty-three scientists, students, and indigenous Trio people.

During this time they documented almost one thousand three hundred species including a diversity of fishes, reptiles, plants, birds, small and large mammals, amphibians, katydids, damselflies, ants, dragonflies, dung and aquatic beetles.

Here are the latest two new species along with some of the other discoveries.

  • Cowboy frog—it was named this because of the spur on its heel and the white fringes along the frog’s legs.
  • Crayola katydid—it was named this because of the striking coloration with the rear being yellow with blue spots and the front of its body was pink with dark spots. It is the only katydid that uses chemical defenses at repelling predators.
  • Armored catfish—this species defends itself from the giant piranhas that live in the same waters with its armor of external bony plates, which are covered with spines.
  • Pac-man frog—this is a predator that uses a “wait and see” method to swallow prey that is almost as big as their own body. It has a really big mouth to enable it do this.
  • Great horned beetle—this is a dung beetle that weighs more than six grams and about the size of a tangerine. This dung beetle is metallic purple and blue.