California’s 2022-2023 Water Year Ends on a Soaked Note: What Lies Ahead for Winter?

The conclusion of California’s 2022-2023 water year has brought good news as precipitation totals soared well above average throughout the state. However, before we jump to conclusions about a wet winter, climatology experts advise a more cautious outlook.

While El Niño may be grabbing headlines, it’s just one player in a complex atmospheric game. In this article, we delve into the recent water year’s success, the role of El Niño, and the uncertainties surrounding California’s upcoming winter.

Water Year Recap

A water year, defined from October 1 through September 30, aligns perfectly for hydrologists and water managers. In downtown Sacramento, the most recent water year recorded 26.22 inches of precipitation, a significant 7.02 inches above the 30-year average.

El Niño’s Influence

With El Niño’s resurgence in the East Pacific, many may assume another wet winter for Northern California. However, climatology experts caution against such simplistic conclusions. While strong El Niño patterns like those in 1982-83 and 1997-98 brought wet years, the 2015-16 pattern led to dry conditions.

The Complexity of Weather Patterns

Meteorologist Jan Null from San Jose State University emphasizes that weather patterns are not solely determined by El Niño. Countless atmospheric patterns and factors interact to influence a season’s outcome.

Beyond El Niño

While El Niño often takes the spotlight, there’s a multitude of other factors at play. Null aptly describes it as an “alphabet soup” of different weather phenomena, each capable of impacting the game.

Long-Range Forecasts

Numerous long-range forecasting models attempt to decode these intricate weather patterns and provide predictions. Currently, two widely used models suggest an average start to winter in Northern California with a more active second half. However, seasoned forecasters, like Null, approach long-range seasonal forecasts with caution.

Looking Ahead

Sacramento’s wettest months traditionally fall in December, January, and February, accounting for over half of the city’s annual rainfall. As winter approaches, the Golden State remains cautiously optimistic about the prospects of another wet season.


While California basks in the success of an above-average water year, the complexity of weather patterns cautions against overreliance on El Niño predictions. As winter approaches, the state anticipates a balance between optimism and preparedness for whatever Mother Nature has in store for the coming months.

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