Eleven month old Sudanese twins joined at the tops of their heads were separated in a four stage operation that began in May with two operations, one in July to insert tissue expanders, and the final stage on August 15th. Facing the World, a charity organization that helps children that are disfigured, helped to fund the operations.
These twins who were born joined at the head are known as craniopagus twins and occur in about one in two point five million births. It can be dangerous to separate this type of conjoined twins especially if there is significant blood flow between the brains, which it was in these twins. Conjoined twins who have this condition and survive is extremely rare.
The operations took place at London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital. Within a few days after the operation the twins were back on the regular war playing and interacting as before and doctors are hoping that the parents may soon return home with two separated and healthy daughters.
Although it is rare to separate twins joined at the head it is not unheard of and according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the first successful operation to separate this type of twins happened in 1956.